THE SOCIALIST “IRON WALL”. Berlin ,1961 .
EL MURO de la VERGÜENZA SOCIALISTA. Berlin, 1961
Foreword to the book “It Happened at the Wall” by Ernst Lemmer, the Federal Chancellor´s special Commisioner for Berlin. (1969) :
"It is encouraging to know that the upcoming German youth clearly realizes that Hitler´s war is the main reason for the splitting of Germany. But this youth in particular who have to suffer more and more each year , under the increasing pressure of the division of Germany.
Ever since the foundation of the “DDR” (Democratic Deutsche Republic=COMMUNIST) in 1949, over three millions-one sixth of the population – have fled over its borders , to the West . Half of the refugees were under 25 years of age . Each new phase of the sovietization was reflected in the composition of the various groups of refugees : workers, farmers, craftsmen, students, teachers, and lawyers, sometimes even fled in masses.
Daily, people forced to spy on others, arrived, as well as people threatened by imprisonment , and people released from political imprisonment . The exodus increased whenever an international conference failed to bring results . Since 1958 the escape of specialists and of members of the “technical intelligentsia” increased steadily. Finally, in order to prevent an economic disaster, the population had to be duped. /…
The FOUR MAKERS of the IRON WALL FALL in November, 1989 :
Ronald Reagan, the Pope Juan Pablo II. Gorbachev, Lady Margaret Thatcher.
/…… In the night from Saturday to Sunday 13th August, 1961, the East-Berlin population was hermetically isolated from West Berlin by a levy of 50.000 armed men who, a few hours before, did not know anything about the nature of their mission. West Berliners were prevented from entering East Berlin. At the same time the death-strip filled with landmines , which winds its way trhough Germany , was reinforced, as well as the borders of Poland and Czechoslovakia , includin the Baltic Sea .
The Four-Power agreement which guaranteed free circulation within Berlin was again violated , in the severest way . Western authorities were confused to a degree which was to remain a warning .- The Powers that be in the “DDR” declared that the “peace –protection-dam” had been built against the “revanchists, militarists and imperialists” , because they “first wanted to reach the Oder, in order to then start the big war” . The refugee-movement, the real reason for building the wall remained unmentioned.
By laying the first strip of barbed wire , again and again, new obstacles had to be built , finally to reach the building of the “ modern frontier” of today . It is the intention of the book “It Happened at the Wall” to show this development with its reactions full of happenings , as well as pointing out the human decision which was put upon us.
Can there be indifference to the IRON WALL which forces men to shoot at the innocent, and divides hundreds of thousands of families? Unfortunately there is , but just because of this it has become a trial to the conscience and- to the future of Europe, since this WALL is the main link in its division .”
(Photo: Peter."Help me!", the 18-year-old young man cried. For 50 minutes he had been lying there bleeding to death, without medical assistance and without the guards leaving their hiding-places. Risking their lives West Berlin policemen tried to throw first-aid packets to him. But he was too weak. He was dying when he was, at last , carried away…. )
Source : “It Happened at the Wall” by Ernst Lemmer.(Verlag Haus am Checkpoint Charlie.1992)
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